Humanitarian & Compassionate Grounds

Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) consideration, provides the flexibility to grant permanent resident status or permanent resident visa to certain foreign nationals who would otherwise not qualify in any class and, in which there are compelling H&C grounds. Individuals who have no legal status would be eligible for H&C applications if they have established themselves in Canada by the following:

  • Family ties to Canadian permanent residents or Canadian citizens
  • Employment in Canada (often without a valid work permit)
  • Education in Canada (often without a valid study permit)
  • Volunteer work in Canada
  • English and French skills that have become stronger
  • Property in Canada
  • Savings in Canada
  • Social ties to their communities

It is important to prepare a strong submission letter and collect persuasive supporting documentation for under this category. H&C applications are assessed based on the applicant’s establishment in Canada and the degree to which the applicant would experience hardship if they were forced to apply outside of Canada.


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